Type-2 diabetes cases are on the rise with health officials branding the problem an “epidemic”.
This week, Diabetes UK revealed that it is prevalent among young adults and children.
Shockingly, 7,000 under 25s have been diagnosed with the condition. Given that this increases heart attack and stroke risk, this is a huge concern.
Spotting the signs early is crucial, as it can help patients to seek the treatment they need to alleviate side-effects.
So which symptoms should you look out for?
Children who are overweight are more at risk of developing type-2 diabetes.
Obesity reduces the body’s ability to regulate insulin, which can lead to blood sugar spikes.
Genetics may also play a role, with risk increasing if one or both parents have the condition.
If you suspect you or your child is battling the health problem, it’s advisable to seek advice from your local GP.
They are likely to perform a blood or urine test before making a diagnosis.
Here are some of the type-2 diabetes symptoms in children:
1. Excessive fatigue – Changes in blood sugar could be impacting energy levels
2. Frequent urination – As there is an excess of glucose in the blood, it is flushed out more often
3. Excessive thirst – Type-2 diabetes puts excess strain on the kidneys, so the body will be crying out for more water
4. Increased hunger – Blood sugar spikes can lead to food cravings
5. Slow healing sores – Type-2 diabetes can affect blood circulation, which makes it difficult for the skin to repair itself
6. Darkened skin – Insulin resistance can lead to the skin darkening, typically around the armpits and neck
Adults may also spot these warning signs of type-2 diabetes.
Similarly, those who are overweight and have close relatives who have been diagnosed have an increased blood sugar risk.
Those who are over the age of 40 are also more at risk of developing the condition.
Tiredness, thirst and slow healing wounds are some of the symptoms to look out for.
Here are five more type-2 diabetes symptoms in adults:
1. Weight loss – While diabetes patients are often overweight, the condition can also lead to weight loss. When blood sugar levels become alarmingly high, excess sugar is flushed out of the body which can lead to patients shedding some pounds.
2. Mood changes – Fluctuating moods could be due to spikes in blood sugar levels, which can also lead to the body crashing.
3. Problems sleeping – People with diabetes often experience problems getting to sleep and remaining asleep. This can be caused by pain, discomfort, the need to urinate, Restless Leg Syndrome, and sleep apnoea.
4. Foot numbness – As type-2 diabetes affects blood sugar levels, this can lead to your extremities losing sensitivity.
5. Blurred vision – High blood sugar causes the lens of the eye to swell, which can affect patients’ ability to see.
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